By Sydney CBD Osteopath Dr Abbey Davidson
Lateral knee pain? Especially after running or cycling? You may be suffering from ITB syndrome or runners knee.
What is ITB syndrome? What causes it? What are the signs and symptoms? What to do if you have ITB syndrome? How will physio/osteo treat ITB syndrome? How long until ITB syndrome it better?
If reading this whole article isn’t your style, check out this short video with Dr Abbey Davidson (Osteopath):
ITB or iliotibial friction syndrome is commonly referred to as runners knee. During activity, like running, the ITB will flicks over the femoral condyle (front to back) to stabilize the knee. ITB syndrome is where friction builds up by the repetitive rubbing of the ITB over the lateral femoral condyle.
The ITB or iliotibial band is a thick band of connective tissue or fascia (similar to a ligament) which is located on the lateral thigh. It runs from the iliac crest (hip bone) with the gluteus maximus and tensor fascia latae (TFL) muscles attaching to it. The ITB inserts just below the lateral (outside) knee at the at the tibial condyle (shin bone). The ITB assists in hip extension, abduction and external rotation and also adds lateral stabilization to the knee joint.
ITB syndrome is a common injury which is caused by:
To avoid ITB syndrome it is important to avoid drastic changes in training habits, wear appropriate footwear
Common signs and symptoms of iliotibial band syndrome can include:
If you believe you may be suffering from ITB Syndrome get assessed by your physiotherapist or osteopath to begin your recovery.
When suffering from ITB syndrome you can rest, reduce inflammation (ice), stretching hip muscles and strengthening hip muscles.
Reducing inflammation especially after a period of use or exercise is important. Using an ice pack (avoiding direct skin contact) for 10-20 mins on 20 mins off can achieve this. Topical anti-inflammatory gel may also be an useful adjunct.
Rest plays an important role in recovering from ITB Syndrome. One of the main reason for friction under the ITB is over use. Decreasing your training frequency and intensity can provide the time your body needs to recover. Once the underlying cause of your ITB syndrome has been addressed you can progressively return to your desired activity level.
Stretching techniques like those demonstrated in the video at the top of page are important. Please note that you cannot stretch the ITB itself so firm massage or stretching will not be beneficial. Stretches and massage which target the muscles which insert into the ITB band (glute maximus and TFL) can be effective.
While strengthening exercises which focus of the hip abductors (like your glutes) may not provide immediate relief; they can be crucial for addressing the underlying cause of your ITB syndrome. Stronger hip muscles will prevent extra stress being placed on the knee and knee stabilizers (like the ITB).
You physio or osteo will spend time taking a history of your complaint, assessing the region and establishing your diagnosis. They will spend time educating you about your ITB syndrome and explain your treatment plan going forward.
Hands-on techniques will focus on improving the surrounding joints range of motion, decreasing muscular tension, correcting mechanics, decreasing inflammation and pain levels. This will be complemented by care advice, stretches, exercises which the practitioner will give you. This will aim to improve your symptoms not only on the short-term but prevent re-injury in the future. They will aim to correct biomechanical patterns and strengthen weakened muscles.
Your physio or osteo will also over your return to sport/running. They will ensure that you progressively increasing the load in a way that avoids injuring your ITB again.
When following the advice of a health professional an ITB syndrome will usually respond within 6 weeks. However, this will depend on how long your knee pain has been present, your compliance to the treatment plan (resting and regular performance of prescribed exercises) and other medical conditions present.